This is an elegant animation created
by Spanish CGI arist, Cristobal Vila.
In the Fibonacci sequence, each
succeeding number is the sum of the
The Fibonacci sequence is named after
the Medieval mathematician from Pisa,
Italy, Leonardo Bigollo (c. 1170-c. 1250),
whose nickname was “Fibonacci” which
means “son of a simpleton.”
Fibonacci is best known to the modern
world for the spreading of the Hindu-
Arabic numeral system in Europe,
primarily through his book, ‘Liber Abaci’
(‘Book of Calculation’), published in 1202.
He’s also known for the number sequence,
which was named after him, although he
did not discover it but merely used it, as
an example in the ‘Liber Abaci’.
He apparently learned about this numeral
system that is universally in use today
because his father was a merchant who
traveled often to Algeria, in North Africa.
As a child traveling with his father, he
instantly recognized how much better this
numeral system was than the Roman one.
He later traveled all over the Arab world,
to learn more and then returned to Pisa at
the age of 32, to write his seminal book.
Modern applications include computer
algorithms, such as the Fibonacci search
technique and the Fibonacci heap data
structure, and graphs called Fibonacci
cubes used for interconnecting parallel
and distributed systems but the sequence
is more popularly known for its marked
appearance in biology, such as formation
of shells in snails, a ram’s horns, the
branching in trees, the arrangement of
leaves on a stem, the fruit sprouts of a
pineapple, the flowering of an artichoke,
an uncurling fern, the arrangement of a
pine cone and of pollen in a daisy, etc.