Many of us have grown up drinking tap water without thinking twice about it. The availability of potable drinking water is a cornerstone of developed countries. Many developing, or third-world, countries often provide inadequate access to drinkable water, and the water from the tap is frequently contaminated with pathogens, suspended solids, toxins and/or disease-carrying organisms. Unfortunately, the use of chemical agents used in developed countries to make water potable has started to raise concern throughout communities about the safety of seemingly innocuous tap water.
The development of urban areas has made tap water provided by municipal water systems one of the most common ways of delivering water to people. Groundwater systems are also quite popular; for example in the US, groundwater is a source of drinking water for nearly 50% of the population. Some are lucky to still have access to untainted natural water sources, if living close to a natural spring, but this is just not available for the majority of the population. Hence, most of us rely on tap water as the primary source of drinking water.
Taking a Closer Look at Tap Water
The water treatment processes and the water distribution systems in most communities often introduce chemicals and pollutants into your water, which may cause immediate visible side-effects, such as diarrhea, or expose your body to potential long-term distress.
Here are a few with interesting bits to consider:
Analysis of tap water supplies in major metropolitan areas conducted by the Associated Press has revealed that the water supply in 24 major U.S. cities – serving over 40 million people — are contaminated with trace amounts of pharmaceuticals including antibiotics, anti-seizure medications, anti-inflammatory drugs, psychotropic drugs, pain medications and even caffeine.